'The greatest hindrance to international climate action: political will'-states Lord Nicholas Stern
A Stern Lecture: Lord Nicholas Stern Says 2013 Is "Best Possible Year" for International Climate Action. At an event hosted by WRI and the International Monetary Fund, Lord Nicholas Stern, author of the famed 2006 Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, revealed the greatest hindrance to international climate action: political will.
9th April 2013
Six years after the release of the landmark Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, Lord Nicholas Stern revealed yesterday the most challenging hurdle ahead for international climate action. Overcoming this obstacle is not a matter of figuring out the scientific or policy pathways needed to curb climate change—nor is it determining what technologies to adopt or what investments must be made. “What’s missing is the political will,” said Stern.
The famed economist elaborated on this problem during an address yesterday hosted by WRI and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), “Fostering Growth and Poverty Reduction in a World of Immense Risk.” Dr. Andrew Steer, WRI’s president, and Christine Lagarde, managing director of the IMF, provided opening remarks, articulating the serious economic and human risks climate change poses. Stern focused on the main hurdle to mitigating these risks—political will.
The problem, according to Stern, reflects a lack of understanding in three main areas: climate change’s real risks, the benefits of an alternative pathway, and the need for collaboration and mutual understanding.
The Real Risks of Climate Change
By Stern’s own admission, the Stern Review greatly underestimated climate change’s risks and impacts. “Emissions are at the top or above the projections we talked about six or seven years ago. Some effects are coming through faster,” he said. “We didn’t say enough about the interactions between climate and ecosystems.”
Dr. Steer outlined how these risks are already presenting themselves today—and are poised to worsen in the future. “Insurance companies tell us that weather-related catastrophes have tripled since 1980,” he said. “The United States last year experienced 11 extreme weather events each costing more than $1 billion. And the current drought may turn out to be the most expensive natural disaster in U.S. history.”
Stern believes that a key component of mobilizing political will, then, is a stronger risk narrative driven by a new breed of scientific models. These models should not only reflect the severity of climate risks, but the human and environmental costs that are typically ignored in data-driven models—like the thawing of permafrost and extreme weather events’ impacts on development.
The Benefits of an Alternative Path
According to Stern, the world needs to view the next several years as a new era, the “New Energy Industrial Revolution.” Like the eras of innovation that preceded it—the industrial revolution, expansion of steam and railways, the information and telecommunications technology revolution, etc.—this period will be full of growth, investment, creativity, and emerging markets. It’s important to see it as a time of economic opportunity rather than a time focused solely on scaling back greenhouse gas emissions.
It’s also a time to adopt win-win-win strategies that integrate development, adaptation, and mitigation into one package. For example, decentralized solar powerbrings affordable electricity to poor communities, reduces emissions, and is less vulnerable than traditional, grid-based power. These are the types of solutions that will drive economic growth and climate stability.
Learning from Collaboration and Mutual Understanding
It’s important to point out that some people are moving on climate change, even if they’re moving too slow. “We’re seeing radical change in China with the 12th Five-Year Plan,” Stern said. “The EU has stuttered recently, but has been moving along. Ethiopia and Mauritius both have ambitious plans. Understanding what others are doing is a crucial part of collaboration.”
Stern went on to explain how institutions like the IMF and the World Bank can play a key role in fostering this collaboration. Collectively, these organizations work on poverty reduction, growth, sustainability, and development. If they better align their individual missions, they can foster international collaboration and ensure that economic development happens in harmony with climate mitigation and adaptation.
2013: A Year of Opportunity
An hour-long discussion of underestimated climate risks was certainly a sobering experience. But despite the discouraging data of late, Stern is hopeful. In fact, he believes that this year presents an unprecedented opportunity to ramp up the political will for international climate action.
“You have John Kerry and new leadership in China raising the issue of climate change,” Stern said. “The head of the IMF and the World Bank today made very strong public commitments. You look at plans in Ethiopia, South Africa, Mexico, and other parts of the world, and leadership is taking these issues seriously. My own view is that 2013 is the best possible year to re-double our efforts to create the political will that so far has been much too weak.”
LEARN MORE: of the event on WRI’s events page.
The World Bank and Poverty-Within Our Grasp: A World Free of Poverty - World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim
DATE: Tuesday, April 2
TIME: 11:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. ET (15:00 – 16:00 GMT or convert time)
LOCATION: Georgetown University, Washington, DC
On Tuesday, April 2, World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim will discuss the ambitious goal of ending extreme poverty within a generation in a speech titled, "Within Our Grasp: A World Free of Poverty." President Kim will touch upon the need for a concerted effort by developing countries, donors, and development partners toward supporting equitable and inclusive growth, working effectively in fragile and conflict-affected states, and fighting climate change to secure development gains. President Kim will deliver this speech, hosted by Georgetown University’s Office of the President, in the run-up to the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings that will be taking place in Washington, D.C.